Genital Warts are the fleshy, soft and contagious growths in the anal and genital area and it is the most common type of sexually transmitted infection. This infection cause discomfort, pain, and itching and they are mainly caused by the strains of Human Papillomavirus. Men who are sexually active are the prime victim of this infection. It comprises of fibrous overgrowths that are covered by a thick outer layer. It usually appears on and around the scrotum, penis, and anus of males. They are benign in nature and hence non-cancerous, but some of the infection may become cancerous over time. Warts usually appear to be fleshy colored or grey swellings and it may develop in clusters which resemble cauliflower.
As mentioned, it is highly contiguous and hence it can be contracted via sexual contacts. People may not develop warts for several months and weeks after getting the infections and hence there are no early symptoms of Genital Warts. The early overgrowths are not visible with human eyes as they are very small in size initially and the area where it is developed may get darker in color. The top layer of the overgrowths may resemble a cauliflower and while touching it you may feel a slight and smooth bump. They may develop in a single wart or in the cluster. Some of the common symptoms include:
There are more than 100 different types of strains of HPV which can cause Genital Warts. This strain usually infects the uppermost layer of your skin and gradually soft bumps are developed in the region where it has infected. Since they are highly contagious, people who are sexually active can get contracted with the infection during sexual acts and contacts.
If the Genital Warts are not causing any pain or discomfort, then no treatments are required. If it develops symptoms of itching, pain, burning, and swelling, it is necessary that you seek medical help. Doctors may prescribe different medications and ointments which you need to apply on visible warts. Surgery may also be required in order to remove the larger warts from the genital region and when the warts are not responding to the prescribed medications.