What is Vaginismus?

Vaginismus is the feminine medical condition where the pelvic floor muscles spasms or squeeze and it causes pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse. Since the pelvic floor muscles spasm, it becomes difficult and painful to insert any gynecological tools for examination and also causes pain when the male counterpart inserts their penis for sex. As you try to insert any object like speculum, tampon or penis, the vagina tightens automatically due to involuntary contraction of the muscles in the pelvic region. It leads to general muscle pain and cessation of breathing. Pubococcygeus muscle group is the primary muscle that is affected in the condition and this muscle group is liable for bowel movements, orgasms, intercourse urination and also childbirth.

What are the Causes of Vaginismus in Women?

There are many factors which are responsible for causing Vaginismus in women and this includes emotional stressors, physical stressors or something in between. Some of the emotional triggers and physical triggers include:

  • Fear for pregnancy
  • Anxiety about sexual performance
  • Traumatic events in life like rape and sexual abuses
  • Relationship issues
  • Childhood Experiences
  • Childbirth
  • Cancer and Lichen sclerosis
  • Infection in the urinary tract
  • Pelvic surgery or menopause
  • Lacking in lubrication in the vagina
  • Medical side effects
  • Insufficient foreplay

What are the Symptoms of Vaginismus?

Involuntary tightening of the pelvic floor muscles is the only and primary symptoms of Vaginismus in Women. But the severities of Vaginismus may vary in different women and some women may experience other symptoms and this includes:

  • Difficult in Penetration
  • Painful and discomfort during intercourse
  • Difficulty in inserting a tampon or gynecological instrument for tests
  • Pain during gynecological tests
  • Breathing cessation during intercourse or muscle spasm

What are the Treatment Options for Vaginismus?

Pelvic examination is the only option to check and rule out Vaginismus in women. The treatment options for Vaginismus involve different specialists based on the underlying cause. There is no treatment plan to treat the condition, but doctors usually treat the symptoms and the underlying causes. Infection usually causes the condition and hence doctors usually treat the infection first and then focus on the condition.

The treatment approaches usually focus on minimizing the automatic tightening of the pelvic floor muscles and also to reduce the fear of pain. Pelvic floor control exercises, emotional exercises, counseling, minimizing the sensitivity to insertion and dilation training are some of the treatment approaches for Vaginismus in women.

Vaginismus Treatment In India

Ayurveda does have successful treatment to cure the Vaginismus. Contact A1 Sexologist to have ayurvedic treatment for Vaginismus in India.

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